Exemplarity and ChosennessRosenzweig and Derrida on the Nation of Philosophy

Exemplarity and ChosennessRosenzweig and Derrida on the Nation of Philosophy

Dana Hollander

Print publication date: 2013

ISBN: 9780804755214

Publisher: Stanford University Press

Abstract

This is a combined study of the philosophies of Jacques Derrida (1930–2004) and Franz Rosenzweig (1886–1929) that explores the question: How may we account for the possibility of philosophy, of universalism in thinking, without denying that all thinking is also idiomatic and particular? The book traces Derrida's interest in this topic, particularly emphasizing his work on “philosophical nationality” and his insight that philosophy is challenged in a special way by its particular “national” instantiations and that, conversely, discourses invoking a nationality comprise a philosophical ambition, a claim to being “exemplary.” Taking as its cue Derrida's readings of German-Jewish authors and his ongoing interest in questions of Jewishness, it pairs his philosophy with that of Franz Rosenzweig, who developed a theory of Judaism for which election is essential and who understood chosenness in an “exemplarist” sense as constitutive of human individuality as well as of the Jews' role in universal human history.