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The Jews of Pinsk, 1881 to 1941$
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Azriel Shohet, Mark Jay Mirsky, and Moshe Rosman

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804741583

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804741583.001.0001

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In the Period of the First World War

In the Period of the First World War

Chapter:
(p.288) Eight In the Period of the First World War
Source:
The Jews of Pinsk, 1881 to 1941
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804741583.003.0008

The looming World War I struck fear among the Jews of Pinsk, Belarus. The families of sons who were eligible for conscription immediately felt the effects of the war, while the families of all the holders of “red cards” were gripped with terror. However, some Jews saw the war as an opportunity for redemption and were looking forward to the defeat of Russia, which had made their lives miserable. At the end of August 1914, thousands of Jewish refugees expelled from Brest arrived in Pinsk. The Society for the Promotion of the Enlightenment, founded in 1863, helped in the education of the children of the refugees. A day care center called Beit Mahseh was also established to provide care for children. In September 1915, the German army occupied Pinsk, ushering in a period of hardship for the city's Jews including forced labor. This chapter examines the situation of Pinsk and its Jews under Germany during World War I, focusing on politics, economy, education, and culture.

Keywords:   Pinsk, Belarus, Jews, World War I, Russia, Germany, forced labor, politics, economy, education

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