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Murmured ConversationsA Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei$
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Esperanza Ramirez-Christensen

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780804748636

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.001.0001

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About Hen-jo-dai-kyoku-ryū

About Hen-jo-dai-kyoku-ryū

Chapter:
(p.137) Forty About Hen-jo-dai-kyoku-ryū
Source:
Murmured Conversations
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0041

Hen-jo-dai-kyoku-ryū refers to the five-part structure of the waka poem: hen (Prelude), jo (Beginning), dai (Topic), kyoku (Statement), and ryū (Dissolve). In renga, one should be able to sense this structure by reciting the upper and lower verses together as one. Paying no attention to this matter often results in absurd compositions. This chapter further elaborates on the structure of linking between any two contiguous verses in renga (tsukeai), but also characterizes the movement of the whole sequence as a smoothly flowing jo-ha-kyū progression. It essentially valorizes the ability to read, to appreciate, to discern “the good or bad” in others' works—in other words, the critical faculty—over facility in renga composition per se.

Keywords:   hen-jo-dai-kyoku-ryū, waka, Japanese poetry, linking, verses, tsukeai, jo-ha-kyū

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