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Emptiness and TemporalityBuddhism and Medieval Japanese Poetics$
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Esperanza Ramirez-Christensen

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780804748889

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804748889.001.0001

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The Chill and the Meager (Hieyase)

The Chill and the Meager (Hieyase)

Poetics and the Philosophy of the Privative

(p.134) Fourteen The Chill and the Meager (Hieyase)
Emptiness and Temporality
Stanford University Press

Shinkei composed a hokku to which Sōgi wrote a tsukeku, providing concrete evidence that Sōgi learned a lot from Shinkei during their mutual participation at sessions in Musashi during the Ōnin War. It is also a testament to the close and immediate relation between performance and critical evaluation in the renga milieu. Shinkei emphasizes the important role of critical evaluation in the dialogical poetics of renga and argues that appreciating another poet's brilliance is more difficult than composing a verse oneself. This chapter examines Shinkei's tsukeku as an example of his celebrated aesthetic of the “chill and meager” (hieyase), his valorization of sabi and hieyase, the philosophy of renunciation, reclusion as a time-honored tradition in Japanese culture, Shinkei's view about the moving character (aware) of art and his understanding of privation, as well as his notion of pure poetry and Japanese poetry. It also considers the so-called “vital tensility,” Shunzei's “deep mind” and Teika's ushin realm of meditation, and the post-ushin realm of absolute emptiness (hikkyō-kū).

Keywords:   Shinkei, hieyase, Sōgi, renga, Japanese poetry, poetics, privation, reclusion, emptiness, vital tensility

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