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The Party of Order
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The Party of Order: The Conservatives, the State, and Slavery in the Brazilian Monarchy, 1831–1871

Jeffrey D. Needell


This study analyzes Brazil's monarchy, which adapted European ideas and practices to a creole plantation society that was traditionally based on African slavery. It focuses upon the Conservatives, who represented the sugar and coffee elites in reconstructing the new nation's state as a strong, representative, constitutional monarchy in troubled times. After the monarch himself assumed power, however, his views undercut parliamentary and party government, which were also sapped by regional differences and the pressure for state patronage. Increasingly, the emperor and his cabinets used state pa ... More

Keywords: Brazil's monarchy, creole plantation society, African slavery, Conservatives, constitutional monarchy, regional differences, state patronage, state authority, emperor, gradualist abolition

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2006 Print ISBN-13: 9780804753692
Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013 DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804753692.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jeffrey D. Needell, author