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From Hot War to ColdThe U.S. Navy and National Security Affairs, 1945–1955$
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Jeffrey G. Barlow

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804756662

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804756662.001.0001

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Defending NATO Europe: Planning During the Initial Stages

Defending NATO Europe: Planning During the Initial Stages

(p.300) Chapter 15 Defending NATO Europe: Planning During the Initial Stages
From Hot War to Cold
Stanford University Press

This chapter discusses the efforts to establish a military structure for NATO after the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty in April 1949. Putting together the initial command arrangements for NATO proved to be a difficult balancing act, since a number of the participating countries had particular political objectives that needed to be satisfied. The North Atlantic Council assented to a revised Working Group report on 17 September 1949. Under its terms, the treaty's military organization would comprise: a) the Defense Committee, consisting of the Defense Ministers of the parties involved; b) the Military Committee, composed of a senior military officer from each country; c) the Standing Group, a sub-committee of the Military Committee, set up as an executive body to facilitate the work of the committee; and d) five Regional Planning Groups (Northern Europe, Western Europe, Southern Europe–Western Mediterranean, Canada–United States, and North Atlantic), responsible for drafting plans for their geographic areas.

Keywords:   North Atlantic Treaty, military organization, military structure, NATO

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