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Shifting Ethnic Boundaries and Inequality in IsraelOr, How the Polish Peddler Became a German Intellectual$
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Aziza Khazzoom

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780804756976

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804756976.001.0001

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The Iraqi Paradox

The Iraqi Paradox

(p.89) Chapter Five The Iraqi Paradox
Shifting Ethnic Boundaries and Inequality in Israel
Stanford University Press

This chapter presents the Iraqi paradox and shows how it challenges prior implications that gatekeepers discriminated against Mizrahim to monopolize resources for Ashkenazim. It takes a closer look at this anomaly within the Israeli social structure to determine how it came about and how it can be explained. It uncovers a dimension of the dichotomization that is the subject of this work. It concludes that the ethnic hierarchy in returns to education is more consistent with an argument that it resulted from gatekeeper preference than with an argument that it resulted from immigrant activity or communal strength. It also notes that hierarchy reflects an ethnic distinction between North Africans and all other groups more consistently than it reflects either the average human capital of the immigrants' country of origin or any Ashkenazi identity that gatekeepers may have had.

Keywords:   Mizrahim, communal strength, Iraq, gatekeeper preference, Ashkenazim, Israeli social structure

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