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War and the Health of Nations$
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Zaryab Iqbal

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780804758819

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804758819.001.0001

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The Allocation of Resources between Defense and Health

The Allocation of Resources between Defense and Health

(p.113) 7 The Allocation of Resources between Defense and Health
War and the Health of Nations
Stanford University Press

This chapter addresses the question of how the economic consequences of conflict affect public health, and how resource allocation decisions during and after conflict have a detrimental effect on public health through budgetary trade-offs. It explains that war often results in economic decline and a decrease in overall resources available to a state, and evaluates the hypothesis that states lower their social spending and increase military spending due to involvement in armed conflict. The analysis of relationships among war, national income, government spending, and public health for the period from 1970 to 2000 provides evidence for a negative effect of war on public health through economic decline and resource diversion.

Keywords:   armed conflict, public health, budgetary trade-offs, economic decline, military spending, national income, government spending, resource diversion

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