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The Power of RepresentationPublics, Peasants, and Islam in Egypt$
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Michael Ezekiel Gasper

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780804758888

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804758888.001.0001

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Five Peasant Characters in Search of Bourgeois Identity or 'afandis in Gallabiyas

Five Peasant Characters in Search of Bourgeois Identity or 'afandis in Gallabiyas

(p.108) Chapter Three Five Peasant Characters in Search of Bourgeois Identity or 'afandis in Gallabiyas
The Power of Representation
Stanford University Press

This chapter examines the social, political, and economic developments of the 1890s that played an instrumental role in the emergence of Egyptian nationalism after the turn of the century, and also discusses the implications of the nationalist turn in the emergent social imaginary of Egypt and the fallah question as a critical part of public discourse. It looks at five peasant characters depicted in a variety of literature such as daily newspapers, popular humor pamphlets, and journals of social and religious reform. The chapter argues that the ascendant urban intellectuals established a protobourgeois social and moral framework during the period and explicated power relations through their representations of the peasants. It also contends that these intellectuals' representations of themselves as the gendered, classed, and civilized 'afandi were both a political claim and an attempt to outmaneuver their potential rivals within Egyptian society.

Keywords:   Egypt, nationalism, peasants, intellectuals, power relations, 'afandi, fallah

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