The dilemma of exemplarity and mediocrity does not end in the nineteenth century, but assumes a different form in the twentieth century for a variety of reasons. One reason is that the distinction between high and low culture slowly began to be questioned and blurred from within high art only after Heinrich Heine's celebration of the “end of the Goethean artistic period” (as the end of idealizing art). The relation between exemplarity and mediocrity was also influenced by the development of the humanities in the second half of the nineteenth century. Another reason is that Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel rightly declared that prosaic reality affects all aspects of modern life from economics to politics, from morality to society. Alexis de Tocqueville and John Stuart Mill addressed the dilemma of mediocrity in power in their respective books Democracy in America (1835/1840) and On Liberty (1859). In Beyond Good and Evil, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche recognizes that mediocrity in power necessarily turns into something beyond mediocre.
Stanford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.