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Italy's Eighteenth Century
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Italy's Eighteenth Century: Gender and Culture in the Age of the Grand Tour

Paula Findlen, Wendy Wassyng Roworth, and Catherine M. Sama


In the age of the Grand Tour, foreigners flocked to Italy to gawk at its ruins and paintings, enjoy its salons and cafés, attend the opera, and revel in their own discovery of its past, but they also marveled at the people they saw, both male and female. In an era in which castrati were “rock stars,” men served women as cicisbei, and dandified Englishmen became macaroni, Italy was perceived to be a place where men became women. The great publicity surrounding female poets, journalists, artists, anatomists, and scientists, and the visible roles for such women in salons, academies, and universit ... More

Keywords: Italy, Grand Tour, gender, culture, eighteenth-century Italy, castrati, cicisbei, macaroni, women, men

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2009 Print ISBN-13: 9780804759045
Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013 DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804759045.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Paula Findlen, editor

Wendy Wassyng Roworth, editor

Catherine M. Sama, editor

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