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Modern MigrationsGujarati Indian Networks in New York and London$
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Maritsa Poros

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780804772228

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804772228.001.0001

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Networks, Niches, and Inequalities

Networks, Niches, and Inequalities

Chapter:
(p.96) 4 Networks, Niches, and Inequalities
Source:
Modern Migrations
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804772228.003.0004

This chapter examines the life histories of individual Gujarati Indians who migrated to New York and London, focusing on the kinds of occupations they have and how they have settled into their destinations. Gujarati immigrants have formed so-called economic or occupational niches by consolidating their presence in certain jobs and industries. These ethnic niches include economic sectors such as health services, hospitality, small retail, and the diamond, garment, and textile trades. By mobilizing their social networks, Gujarati Indians have filled labor shortages in response to recruitment by the American and British governments, stimulating economic growth by creating jobs and revitalizing urban neighborhoods. Social networks embed economic activity, resulting in inequalities not only within the networks of Gujaratis but also among them, natives, and other Indian and immigrant groups.

Keywords:   Gujarati Indians, life histories, New York, London, occupations, immigrants, niches, social networks, inequalities, labor shortages

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