Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Introductory EconometricsIntuition, Proof, and Practice$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Jeffrey Zax

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780804772624

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804772624.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use (for details see www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 22 October 2018

What If the Disturbances Have Nonzero Expectations or Different Variances?

What If the Disturbances Have Nonzero Expectations or Different Variances?

(p.281) Chapter 8 What If the Disturbances Have Nonzero Expectations or Different Variances?
Introductory Econometrics
Stanford University Press

This chapter shows that the εi's must have the same expected value for regression to make any sense. However, we cannot tell if the εi's have a constant expected value that is different from zero, and it does not make any substantive difference. If the disturbances have different variances, ordinary least squares (OLS) estimates are still unbiased. However, they are no longer best linear unbiased (BLU). In addition, the true variances of b and a are different from those given by the OLS variance formulas. In order to conduct inference, either we can estimate their true variances, or we may be able to get BLU estimators by transforming the data so that the transformed disturbances share the same variance.

Keywords:   regression analysis, variance, standard deviations, ordinary least squares, best linear unbiased estimators

Stanford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.