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Patterns of ProtestTrajectories of Participation in Social Movements$
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Catherine Corrigall-Brown

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780804774109

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804774109.001.0001

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Getting In

Getting In

Initial and Shifting Engagement

(p.16) 2 Getting In
Patterns of Protest
Stanford University Press

This chapter examines trajectories of political participation by focusing on who initially participates. It analyzes the roots of individual participation in social movements and looks at predictors of initial engagement in contentious political activity. Three broad types of factors are considered: ideology (religiosity, strength of partisanship, party identification, and efficacy), biographical availability (age, marital status, child rearing, and working), and resources (income, education, and political knowledge). To determine how these factors influence contentious political engagement, the chapter draws on the Jennings and Stoker panel data for testing competing theories of activism. Using two main panel regression models, a random effects and a fixed effects model, it demonstrates that ideological factors indeed predispose certain individuals to become active in contentious politics, but only those who are biographically available are able to translate this disposition into action over time.

Keywords:   social movements, political activity, activism, political participation, ideology, biographical availability, resources, contentious politics, partisanship, political knowledge

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