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Beyond ExpulsionJews, Christians, and Reformation Strasbourg$
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Debra Kaplan

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780804774420

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804774420.001.0001

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“Our City Is Seen as Greatly Superior”

“Our City Is Seen as Greatly Superior”

Strasbourg and Its Reformation

Chapter:
(p.12) One “Our City Is Seen as Greatly Superior”
Source:
Beyond Expulsion
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804774420.003.0002

At the turn of the sixteenth century, Strasbourg was described by the humanist Jacob Wimpheling as greatly superior and more complete than other cities, having a desirable location, and being situated on the Rhine and Ill rivers near the fertile Vosges Mountains. Due to its geographic appeal, the city became the major center in the Lower Rhine during the medieval and early modern periods, particularly with regards to trade, and, during the medieval period, its economic centrality and religious vibrancy also turned it into an important center beyond the Lower Rhine. By the late fourteenth century, a powerful rentier-merchant class emerged in Strasbourg, intermarriage between whom and local nobles gave rise to an oligarchy consisting of merchants and patricians. In the late medieval and early modern period, the city underwent cultural changes and made it a center for humanism. Strasbourg experienced theological struggles during the Reformation as it discarded the Tetrapolitan Confession and embraced both the Tetrapolitan and the Augsburg Confessions before settling with the Augsburg Confession.

Keywords:   Strasbourg, Jacob Wimpheling, medieval period, Lower Rhine, trade, merchants, oligarchy, Reformation, Augsburg Confession, humanism

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