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The Making of LawThe Supreme Court and Labor Legislation in Mexico, 1875-1931$
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William Suarez-Potts

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804775519

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804775519.001.0001

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Legislating Labor Law, 1911–1924

Legislating Labor Law, 1911–1924

Chapter:
(p.110) Chapter 5 Legislating Labor Law, 1911–1924
Source:
The Making of Law
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804775519.003.0006

Between 1911 and 1931, most of the major elements of Mexico's labor law was enacted as legislation. The Constitutionalists, the dominant revolutionary faction in late 1916–1917, drafted a new constitution that included Article 123 dedicated to workers' rights. Article 123 became a reference for Mexican labor law as well as labor movements. This chapter explores the process leading to the drafting of Article 123 and Mexico's subsequent efforts to pass labor legislation. Drawing on an extensive historiography about labor politics and the social movements during the revolutionary era, it examines some of the legal issues spawned by Article 123. It first looks at the creation of a federal labor agency and the government's efforts to end widespread strikes in the textile industry and rationalize the sector's wage structure. It then outlines legislative efforts from the end of Francisco Madero's administration through the civil war. The chapter also considers two major revolts that erupted in 1920 and 1923 and concludes by arguing that the nature of state or federal involvement in labor relations had been fully settled or legalized.

Keywords:   Mexico, labor law, labor legislation, constitution, Article 123, social movements, strikes, textile industry, revolts, labor relations

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