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Making the TransitionEducation and Labor Market Entry in Central and Eastern Europe$
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Irena Kogan, Clemens Noelke, and Michael Gebel

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780804775908

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804775908.001.0001

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Hard Times for the Less Educated

Hard Times for the Less Educated

Education and Labor Market Entry in East Germany After Reunification

Chapter:
(p.58) Chapter Three Hard Times for the Less Educated
Source:
Making the Transition
Author(s):

Michael Gebel

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804775908.003.0003

This chapter examines the youth labor market integration during the transformation years after 1989. During these years after 1989, transformation entailed pervasive economic restructuring processes, which induced rapid changes in the occupational structures. A strong deindustrialization of the formerly over-industrialized socialist East German sectoral structure began. The agricultural sector, which was dominated by large-scale agricultural production cooperatives, also shrank in size, the formerly underdeveloped private and public service sector expanded. However, the service sector did not have enough job openings to absorb the large number of dismissed workers, which led to rising levels of unemployment. The first section of this chapter highlights the institutional transformation of the East German education system. The second section derives specific research hypotheses. The third section describes the research design. The fourth section presents the findings. The last section presents concluding comments.

Keywords:   East German education system, economic restructuring, service sector, unemployment, East German sectoral structure

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