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The World Under PressureHow China and India Are Influencing the Global Economy and Environment$
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Carl Dahlman

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780804777131

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804777131.001.0001

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Environmental and Natural Resource Impact

Environmental and Natural Resource Impact

(p.154) Chapter 6 Environmental and Natural Resource Impact
The World Under Pressure
Stanford University Press

This chapter explores the impact of the rapid economic growth of China and India on the environment and natural resources worldwide, focusing on energy and climate change. It first examines the two countries' endowments in terms of arable land, water, and energy before turning to the global impact of their increased demand for primary goods with respect to commodity prices. It also discusses environmental sustainability and shows that both China and India already have a net deficit of globally available sustainable environmental resources equivalent to 14 and 4 percent, respectively. In addition, the chapter considers the rising energy demand in China and India compared with other major energy consumers and predicts that they will account for 53 percent of the total global increase in energy demand between 2007 and 2035 because of their higher growth rates and lower energy efficiency. Finally, it analyzes historical trends of carbon dioxide emissions and predicts that China and India will account for 91 percent of the increase in global carbon dioxide emissions between 2007 and 2035.

Keywords:   environment, natural resources, energy, climate change, carbon dioxide emissions, primary goods, environmental sustainability

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