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Making the Chinese MexicanGlobal Migration, Localism, and Exclusion in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands$
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Grace Delgado

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804778145

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804778145.001.0001

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The First Anti-Chinese Campaign in the Time of Revolution

The First Anti-Chinese Campaign in the Time of Revolution

(p.104) 4 The First Anti-Chinese Campaign in the Time of Revolution
Making the Chinese Mexican
Stanford University Press

This chapter explores the rise of José María Arana's anti-Chinese movement and the dynamics it created between Mexican women, Chinese men, and revolutionary state-makers. In reinforcing women's primary role in the revolutionary project, state-makers simultaneously cast women at two extremes of the moral–political tandem: as traitors of the Mexican state by way of marriage to Chinese men; and as gatekeepers of the revolutionary state by way of marriage to Mexican men. To choose one over the other circumscribed women's relationship to Mexico's revolution. The ability of women to retain Mexican citizenship was dependent on mestizo marriages, whereas those who married outside the socially ascribed racial structure (in this case the Chinese) suffered the loss of citizenship. Revolutionary fervor also constrained the lives of Sonoran Chinese men, many of whom began to flee Mexico as victims of Sinophobic violence.

Keywords:   José María Arana, anti-Chinese movement, Mexican women, Chinese men, traitors, gatekeepers, Mexican citizenship, Sinophobia

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