This Epilogue ponders the use of state power in the U.S.–Mexico borderlands after 1931, and the manner in and degree to which cross-border interaction persisted even as the American state limited immigration and Mexican officials sought to contain emigration. The expulsion of approximately 3,500 Sonoran Chinese to China and the repatriation of approximately 500,000 Mexicans and Mexican Americans to Mexico marked the beginning of a regime of border control predicated on territorial sovereignty during the early years of the Great Depression. Despite some semblance of bilateralism—evidenced in the pan-Americanism of the Good Neighbor Policy (1933) and the Bracero Program (a series of initiatives between 1942 and 1964 to facilitate the importation of Mexican workers to the United States for agricultural labor)—Mexico and the United States emerged as sole arbiters of the composition, communication, and enforcement of their shared border. The Epilogue meditates on the tension between late twentieth- and early twenty-first-century globalization forces by placing this present-day configuration in the longue durée of U.S.–Mexico borderlands history.
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