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Income InequalityEconomic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries$
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Janet C. Gornick and Markus Jantti

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804778244

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.001.0001

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Women's Work, Family Earnings, and Public Policy

Women's Work, Family Earnings, and Public Policy

Chapter:
(p.261) Chapter Nine Women's Work, Family Earnings, and Public Policy
Source:
Income Inequality
Author(s):

Margarita Estévez-Abe

Tanja Hethey-Maier

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0010

This chapter demonstrates that both social policies and labor market institutions affect women's economic position within the family, based on the analysis of sixteen high-income countries. More specifically, the chapter examines the effects of: public child care provision, maternity and parental leave benefits, wage inequality, strictness of employment protection, and the tax penalty on second earners. The chapter concludes that the generosity of paid leave benefits improves women's relative economic position, relative to their husbands and cohabiting partners, although the effects of public child care provision are not significant. It also reveals the gendered effects of strict employment protection and wage inequality: strict employment protection and wage inequality increase women's economic dependence on their husbands and cohabiting partners.

Keywords:   gender, wage inequality, employment protection, childcare, maternity leave, parental leave, work-family reconciliation, family, Luxembourg Income Study

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