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Income InequalityEconomic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries$
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Janet C. Gornick and Markus Jantti

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804778244

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.001.0001

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Women's Employment and Household Income Inequality

Women's Employment and Household Income Inequality

Chapter:
(p.207) Chapter Seven Women's Employment and Household Income Inequality
Source:
Income Inequality
Author(s):

Susan Harkness

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0008

This chapter assesses how rising female employment has influenced the overall growth in earnings inequality among couples in 17 high-income countries. It considers how female employment varies across countries, and how it differs for those in the bottom, middle, and top of the income distribution. In all countries studied, substantial differences in male and female employment, hours of work, and earnings, are found to persist, but with considerably more heterogeneity among women in low-income couple-headed families. Female earnings are found to have an equalizing effect on the distribution of earnings across households, in all of the countries studied. The chapter concludes that boosting female employment would have a greater influence on further reducing inequality than would eliminating the gender pay gap.

Keywords:   women's employment, inequality, gender pay gap, family earnings, marital homogeneity, Luxembourg Income Study

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