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Security Assurances and Nuclear Nonproliferation$
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Jeffrey W. Knopf

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804778275

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804778275.001.0001

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The United States and Swedish Plans to Build the Bomb, 1945–68

The United States and Swedish Plans to Build the Bomb, 1945–68

(p.219) 10 The United States and Swedish Plans to Build the Bomb, 1945–68
Security Assurances and Nuclear Nonproliferation

Thomas Jonter

Stanford University Press

This chapter investigates Sweden's technological dependence on the United States. It argues that Sweden has become more and more dependent on U.S. assistance both in nuclear energy and in military hardware, and this dependence has been used by the U.S. government to steer Swedish decision-makers away from using the country's civilian program for the production of weapons-grade plutonium. The Swedish case represents the hypotheses on security, defense cooperation, and tailoring. It is a disconfirming case for hypotheses concerning public and legally binding commitments. Sweden consented to the conditions that increasingly restrained its pursuit of nuclear weapons. The military cooperation of Sweden with the United States produced a measure of Swedish dependence that has restricted its room to maneuver. A perceived security guarantee has decreased the requisite of engaging independent nuclear weapons program, while dependence on the United States has increased the costs of the program.

Keywords:   Sweden, United States, nuclear energy, military hardware, plutonium, security, nuclear weapons

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