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Security Assurances and Nuclear Nonproliferation$
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Jeffrey W. Knopf

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804778275

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804778275.001.0001

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Maintaining Japan's Non-Nuclear Identity: The Role of U.S. Security Assurances

Maintaining Japan's Non-Nuclear Identity: The Role of U.S. Security Assurances

(p.137) 7 Maintaining Japan's Non-Nuclear Identity: The Role of U.S. Security Assurances
Security Assurances and Nuclear Nonproliferation

Yuki Tatsumi

Stanford University Press

This chapter reviews the evolution of Japan's non-nuclear policy since 1945. The security assurances that have been offered to Japan and the role those assurances have played in Japan's decision to renounce nuclear weapons and maintain this decision is discussed. It also describes how different security assurance hypotheses may be applicable to explain Japan's behavior. A future weakening of the United States security guarantee might not automatically lead Japan to reconsider its decision. The security assurance has proved to be effective in helping convince Japan to maintain its non-nuclear policy. Its decision to maintain its non-nuclear weapon state status can be explained through several security assurance hypotheses. Japan needs to be convinced that the United States has both the will and capability to defend Japan if military attacks are attempted against Japan.

Keywords:   non-nuclear policy, Japan, security assurances, nuclear weapons, United States, military attacks

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