This chapter summarizes the preceding discussions and presents some final thoughts. It argues that independence of New Spain did not result from an anticolonial struggle, but was a consequence of a great political revolution that culminated in the dissolution of the Spanish Monarchy. The movement was an integral part of the broader process that was transforming Antiguo Régimen societies into modern liberal nation-states. The new country of Mexico that emerged from the breakup of the Spanish Monarchy retained many of the shared institutions, traditions, and practices of the past.
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