This chapter analyzes the efforts of novohispano autonomists to achieve home rule either through the creation of autonomous kingdoms in America ruled by the king or Spanish princes under the Constitution of 1812, or through the Plan of Iguala that declared independence, recognized the Constitution of Cádiz as the law of the land, and invited the king or a Spanish prince to rule. These propositions for a commonwealth similar to the later British Commonwealth were acceptable to novohispanos because under the Constitution of 1812 the legislature became the dominant branch of government. In the end, the supporters of the Plan of Iguala, which proposed to create an autonomous kingdom in New Spain, established the independent Mexican Empire because the government in Spain rejected the first proposal.
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