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Nathan Birnbaum and Jewish ModernityArchitect of Zionism, Yiddishism, and Orthodoxy$
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Jess Olson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804778732

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804778732.001.0001

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The Final Ascent

The Final Ascent

Der Aufstieg, Der Ruf, and Roads Not Taken in Interwar Orthodoxy

(p.294) Seven The Final Ascent
Nathan Birnbaum and Jewish Modernity
Stanford University Press

After his rapid rise in Agudath Israel, Nathan Birnbaum distanced himself from its activities and policies and instead pursued an independent line until his death in 1937. Although Birnbaum continued to have warm relations with many people within the Agudah, he adopted a new philosophy based in large part on ideas he described in Words of the Ascenders, his first “Orthodox” pamphlet. He also played a role in the publication of two independent newspapers associated with the Oylim society, Der Aufstieg and Der Ruf (The call). By 1937, Birnbaum had won a small cadre of followers who became emissaries for the Oylim movement throughout Europe. Unfortunately, the movement failed to make a significant impact on Jews as a whole and was dissolved following World War II.

Keywords:   Agudath Israel, Nathan Birnbaum, Jews, Agudah, Words of the Ascenders, Oylim movement, Der Aufstieg, Der Ruf, Europe, newspapers

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