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The Political Economy of Environmental Justice$
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H. Spencer Banzhaf

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804780612

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804780612.001.0001

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The Role of Demographic and Cost-Related Factors in Determining Where Plants Locate

The Role of Demographic and Cost-Related Factors in Determining Where Plants Locate

A Tale of Two Texas Cities

Chapter:
(p.199) 8 The Role of Demographic and Cost-Related Factors in Determining Where Plants Locate
Source:
The Political Economy of Environmental Justice
Author(s):

Ann Wolverton

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804780612.003.0008

This chapter presents a significant methodological advance on earlier environmental justice literature, looking at census tracts or other geographic entities as units of analysis for explaining the locational decision-making process. It compares results from two of the largest cities in Texas–Dallas-Fort Worth and Houston-Galveston. In particular, it directly models the behavior of firms, looking at their choice of where site a polluting facility. Given a firm's decision to establish a facility somewhere, it models the firm's choice of location among all the possible locations. The analysis choice patterns as a function of demographics, prices, transportation options, and so forth. It offers evidence that these choices are driven more by profits than by pure discrimination.

Keywords:   environmental justice, housing discrimination, housing profits, Dallas, Houston

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