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From Frontier Policy to Foreign Policy
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From Frontier Policy to Foreign Policy: The Question of India and the Transformation of Geopolitics in Qing China

Matthew Mosca


Between the mid-eighteenth and mid-nineteenth centuries, Qing rulers, officials, and scholars fused diverse, fragmented perceptions of foreign territory into one integrated worldview. In the same period, a single “foreign” policy emerged as an alternative to the many localized “frontier” policies hitherto pursued on the coast, in Xinjiang, and in Tibet. By unraveling Chinese, Manchu, and British sources to reveal the information networks used by the Qing empire to gather intelligence about its emerging rival, British India, this book explores China's altered understanding of its place in a glo ... More

Keywords: Qing empire, China, foreign policy, frontier policy, Xinjiang, Tibet, British India, geopolitics, Western imperialism, diplomacy

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780804782241
Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013 DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804782241.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Matthew Mosca, author