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Party-System CollapseThe Roots of Crisis in Peru and Venezuela$
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Jason Seawright

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804782364

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804782364.001.0001

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Explaining Parties' Degree of Ideological Flexibility

Explaining Parties' Degree of Ideological Flexibility

(p.165) Chapter 7 Explaining Parties' Degree of Ideological Flexibility
Party-System Collapse
Stanford University Press

This chapter examines the role of the degree of ideological flexibility of traditional political parties in Peru and Venezuela in the collapse of the party-system. It compares the strategic flexibility of Peruvian and Venezuelan parties with the Peronist party in Argentina, and investigates why the Peruvian and Venezuelan parties did not make any attempt to fill the ideological gap and focus on underrepresented voters. The findings indicate that low levels of intra-party ideological diversity, organizational entrenchment, and low degrees of channeling patronage through the party apparatus led to less ideological flexibility and thus indirectly contributed to party-system collapse.

Keywords:   ideological flexibility, political parties, Peru, Venezuela, party-system collapse, Argentina, underrepresented voters, intra-party ideological diversity, organizational entrenchment

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