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Preventing a Biochemical Arms Race$
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Alexander Kelle, Kathryn Nixdorff, and Malcolm Dando

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804782753

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804782753.001.0001

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Threats to the CBW Prohibition Regimes

Threats to the CBW Prohibition Regimes

The Changing Nature of Warfare

Chapter:
(p.11) 2 Threats to the CBW Prohibition Regimes
Source:
Preventing a Biochemical Arms Race
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804782753.003.0002

This chapter describes the traditional form of industrial interstate warfare as it developed during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. An analysis of the evolution of the usages that were anticipated primarily for chemical weapons (CW) from their widespread use during World War I to the close of the Cold War is presented. Additionally, the potential use of chemical and biological weapons (CBW) for state and nonstate actors is elaborated upon. Toxic chemicals that have been used as CW agents are usually viewed as pulmonary toxicants, blood agents, vesicants, and nerve agents. In contrast to CW, traditional interstate warfare has not utilized biological weapons (BW). The danger of CBW is increased, where the statization of the war economy has been overturned and the quest of the new wars has returned back to plunder and other unlawful “means of appropriating goods and services”.

Keywords:   industrial interstate warfare, chemical weapons, World War I, Cold War, chemical and biological weapons, biological weapons, war economy

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