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Preventing a Biochemical Arms Race$
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Alexander Kelle, Kathryn Nixdorff, and Malcolm Dando

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804782753

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804782753.001.0001

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Threats to the CBW Prohibition Regimes

Threats to the CBW Prohibition Regimes

The Revolution in the Life Sciences

Chapter:
(p.34) 3 Threats to the CBW Prohibition Regimes
Source:
Preventing a Biochemical Arms Race
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804782753.003.0003

This chapter addresses developments in science and technology that have particular implications for biosecurity. It concentrates on functional genomics, synthetic biology, systems biology, nanotechnology, and targeted delivery systems. New advancement in the methodology of genome analyses led to the easier manipulation of complex viruses that fit designer specifications. Engineering DNA-based biological circuits by using standardized biological parts, identifying the smallest possible (minimal) genome that can “run” a cell, constructing protocells, and creating atypical biological systems through chemical processes are different subfields of synthetic biology that have grown since the early years of the twenty-first century. It is observed that mid-spectrum agents proved to be a serious threat. Combined with new methods for making substances absorbable through the nasal and respiratory tracts and across the blood-brain barrier, the development of defined nanoparticles enhanced significantly the aerosol delivery of bioactive compounds.

Keywords:   science and technology, biosecurity, functional genomics, synthetic biology, systems biology, nanotechnology, targeted delivery systems

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