Why the EU Won
Why the EU Won
Geopolitically, the costs of two world wars made Europe's traditional fragmentation intolerable to many politicians. Europe's relative decline offered an extra motivation for political integration. Economically, Europe's postwar strategy involved large-scale government intervention. Fears of a race to the bottom implied the need for European social policies, while the necessary inclusion of agriculture in regional trade bargains implied the need for agricultural ones. Both required supranational decision-making structures. Furthermore, these were required to lock in countries' commitments to liberalising trade. Once the original six member states had made this commitment to supranationalism, Baldwin's domino effect ensured that others would eventually join. Asian economies do not have the same need for regional integration today, nor do they have the incentive to include social or agricultural policies in political bargains. India and China are rising rather than declining powers. It's hard to see European supranational institutions being replicated in Asia.
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