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Integrating RegionsAsia in Comparative Context$
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Miles Kahler and Andrew MacIntyre

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804783644

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804783644.001.0001

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Why the EU Won

Why the EU Won

(p.142) 6 Why the EU Won
Integrating Regions

Kevin H. O'Rourke

Stanford University Press

Geopolitically, the costs of two world wars made Europe's traditional fragmentation intolerable to many politicians. Europe's relative decline offered an extra motivation for political integration. Economically, Europe's postwar strategy involved large-scale government intervention. Fears of a race to the bottom implied the need for European social policies, while the necessary inclusion of agriculture in regional trade bargains implied the need for agricultural ones. Both required supranational decision-making structures. Furthermore, these were required to lock in countries' commitments to liberalising trade. Once the original six member states had made this commitment to supranationalism, Baldwin's domino effect ensured that others would eventually join. Asian economies do not have the same need for regional integration today, nor do they have the incentive to include social or agricultural policies in political bargains. India and China are rising rather than declining powers. It's hard to see European supranational institutions being replicated in Asia.

Keywords:   European Union, supranational institutions, Asian regionalism, history

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