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Organizing OrganicConflict and Compromise in an Emerging Market$
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Michael A. Haedicke

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780804795906

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804795906.001.0001

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Stabilizing the Market, Dividing the Field

Stabilizing the Market, Dividing the Field

Federal Regulation, Field Settlement, and the Emergence of Conflict

Chapter:
(p.51) Chapter 2 Stabilizing the Market, Dividing the Field
Source:
Organizing Organic
Author(s):

Michael A. Haedicke

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804795906.003.0003

This chapter discusses the passage of the Organic Foods Production Act (OFPA) of 1990 and the subsequent development of the National Organic Program (NOP), which established federal rules for the organic trade. It argues that OFPA and the NOP sparked conflict in the organic sector by prioritizing market growth and by marginalizing transformative ideas and practices. The chapter explains how problems associated with the expanding organic trade and a disruptive food scare created the conditions for OFPA’s passage. It also examines how sector members worked at the legislative and institutional levels to bring democratic arrangements associated with the transformative logic into the regulations. These efforts resulted in a stakeholder advisory group known as the National Organic Standards Board (NOSB), but they did not prevent dissident organic foods farmers and consumers from mobilizing around frames that questioned the legitimacy of the federal regulations.

Keywords:   organic regulation, standardization, Organic Foods Production Act, National Organic Standards Board, National Organic Program, food scares, Alar scare, institutional work, mobilization, field settlements

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