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Genocide in the CarpathiansWar, Social Breakdown, and Mass Violence, 1914-1945$
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Raz Segal

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780804796668

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804796668.001.0001

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The World Beyond the Mountains

The World Beyond the Mountains

Embittered and Embattled Modernists in Interwar Czechoslovakia

(p.33) 2 The World Beyond the Mountains
Genocide in the Carpathians

Raz Segal

Stanford University Press

Chapter 2 shows that constructs that defined Jews and Carpatho-Ruthenians as parts of ethnonational collectives spread after World War I and only then, under Czechoslovak rule, began to breed conflict. The stance of the Czechoslovak government shaped the collective notions and emotions that underlined the new ways in which growing numbers of Carpatho-Ruthenians started to ponder their place in the world beyond their villages and towns. That Prague refused to grant autonomy to Carpatho-Ruthenians, contrary to its commitment in the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye (1919), and that Jews chose to support the new rulers proved decisive. Jews thus seemed as agents of “Czechization” and obstructers of Carpatho-Ruthenian collective aspirations. This sense of betrayal facilitated the rise of anti-Jewish resentments on political grounds, which coincided with the growing Ukrainophile national orientation among Carpatho-Ruthenians, deepening this new divide between the groups.

Keywords:   Czechoslovakia, Subcarpathian Rus', Jews, Carpatho-Ruthenians, Ukrainophiles, antisemitism, political resentment

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