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Genocide in the CarpathiansWar, Social Breakdown, and Mass Violence, 1914-1945$
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Raz Segal

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780804796668

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804796668.001.0001

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A Little World War

A Little World War


(p.51) 3 A Little World War
Genocide in the Carpathians

Raz Segal

Stanford University Press

Chapter 3 focuses on autonomous Carpatho-Ukraine, as the region became known from October 1938 to March 1939. Ukrainophiles quickly assumed dominant positions in Carpatho-Ukraine, which intensified the conflict between Jews and Carpatho-Ruthenains, including small-scale anti-Jewish violence that remained sporadic despite the prodding of the Ukrainian nationalists who led the attacks. Another external force, the Hungarian army, stopped this short-lived violence by destroying Carpatho-Ukraine and pursuing Ukrainophiles, in some cases targeting non-combatants and leaving thousands dead. Many Jews witnessed the violence of Hungarian troops against their neighbors and yet publicly welcomed the occupiers who seemed to save them from peril. The new rulers, however, immediately made their aggressive intentions against all non-Magyars clear, with Jews singled out as especially “foreign” and disloyal. A society immersed in tensions and conflict faced this attack of the Hungarian state that would last five years.

Keywords:   Carpatho-Ukraine, Czecho-Slovakia, Jews, Carpatho-Ruthenians, Ukrainophiles, ethnic violence

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