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Borderland CapitalismTurkestan Produce, Qing Silver, and the Birth of an Eastern Market$
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Kwangmin Kim

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780804799232

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804799232.001.0001

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Beg, Empire, and Agrarian Developments in Central Asia, 1500–1750

Beg, Empire, and Agrarian Developments in Central Asia, 1500–1750

Chapter:
(p.19) 1 Beg, Empire, and Agrarian Developments in Central Asia, 1500–1750
Source:
Borderland Capitalism
Author(s):

Kwangmin Kim

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804799232.003.0002

Offering an examination of a prominent pro-Qing beg Emin Khwaja’s career and his family background, this chapter explores how the begs’ interests in securing resources, labor, and silver set them on the path of a profitable partnership with the Qing Empire. At the center of this story was the presence of the Sufi migrants and their families, the mainstay of the pro-Qing begs. Sufi migrants’ interests in developing commercial agriculture in the oasis under the changing environment of trade in Eurasia spurred their settlement into Eastern Turkestan and into an alliance with the Qing also. They had experienced a crisis in the local political economy in the seventeenth century caused by a sudden, if temporary, decline in the Chinese tribute trade. In their view, an alliance with the Qing, especially one that provided a direct connection to the China market would be a solution to this problem.

Keywords:   Emin Khwaja, Sufi, Zunghar, Chinese tribute trade, Agrarian development, agro-manager

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