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The Power of Economists within the State$
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Johan Christensen

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781503600492

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503600492.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use (for details see www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 17 October 2018

Economists and Market-Conforming Reform

Economists and Market-Conforming Reform

(p.1) Chapter 1 Economists and Market-Conforming Reform
The Power of Economists within the State

Johan Christensen

Stanford University Press

This chapter presents the theoretical argument of the book, which centers on how the institutionalization of economic knowledge within the state shaped the turn toward the market in public policy. The argument points to the interaction between professional groups and administrative institutions. Highly trained experts often occupy strategic bureaucratic positions and possess knowledge resources that they can leverage vis-à-vis elected politicians. At the same time, the institutional position of professional experts varies across both countries and government organizations, depending not only on functional tasks but also on struggles over the proper role of different forms of knowledge in managing the affairs of the state. The chapter thus puts forward a contingent argument about the institutional role and policy impact of economic experts, which contributes to a growing literature about the role of economists in contemporary policy making.

Keywords:   market-conforming, neoliberalism, economists, economics, economic knowledge, historical institutionalism, bureaucracy, state, bureaucratic autonomy, policy diffusion

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