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The Jews of Pinsk, 1881 to 1941$
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Azriel Shohet, Mark Jay Mirsky, and Moshe Rosman

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804741583

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804741583.001.0001

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Institutions, Societies, and Associations for Social Welfare (1881–1914)

Institutions, Societies, and Associations for Social Welfare (1881–1914)

(p.227) Six Institutions, Societies, and Associations for Social Welfare (1881–1914)
The Jews of Pinsk, 1881 to 1941
Stanford University Press

This chapter focuses on social welfare institutions, societies, and associations that were established in Pinsk, Belarus during the period 1881–1914. In 1844, the kehillah (autonomous Jewish community administration) system was dissolved, eliminating the formal, legal leadership authorized to levy taxes and provide for the communal needs of the Russian-Jewish population in the city. Authorities often co-opted “wealthy and distinguished” Jews in order to increase the city's income. Several societies were formed to address the needs of the poor, including a gemilut hesed society, the Somekh Nofelim Ve-Yoledot (support for the distressed and for new mothers), and a society called Honen Dalim (compassion for the poor). Other charitable institutions during the period included the Karlin Bikur Holim (visiting the sick) hospital, the Pinsk old-age home, Beit Ha-Asaf Le-Zekenim Ve-Halashim (home for the aged and infirm), Hevrat Ha-Tzedakah Ha-Yehudit (the Jewish charitable institution), and the Linat Tzedek (hospice for the poor) society.

Keywords:   social welfare, Pinsk, Belarus, gemilut hesed society, poor, charitable institutions, Jews, Honen Dalim, Karlin Bikur Holim, Linat Tzedek

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