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Murmured ConversationsA Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei$
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Esperanza Ramirez-Christensen

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780804748636

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.001.0001

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(p.86) Twenty-Nine Plagiarism
Murmured Conversations
Stanford University Press

One commits plagiarism (dōrui) when he/she copies the exact or closely similar words or conception of a poem. Plagiarism was not allowed in waka, renga, and later haikai, although it was widespread in popular renga circles. Plagiarism is different from the sanctioned practice of allusive variation (honkadori), one of the established techniques of linking in renga and a favorite device with the Shinkokinshū poets. While plagiarism is intended to surreptitiously take the words or conception of another work and pass them off as one's own, allusive variation is a creative process whose effect depends on the audience's knowledge of the earlier work. In this chapter of Sasamegoto, the distinction between outright plagiarism and coincidental similarity is illustrated, respectively, by the anonymous takeoffs on Shinkei's hokku and the similar verses by the two contemporary poets Sōzei and Chiun.

Keywords:   dōrui, plagiarism, allusive variation, honkadori, Shinkei, hokku, Japanese poetry, renga, Sōzei, Chiun

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