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Murmured ConversationsA Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei$
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Esperanza Ramirez-Christensen

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780804748636

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.001.0001

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On Rikugi:

On Rikugi:

The Six Types of Poetry

(p.109) Thirty-Five On Rikugi:
Murmured Conversations
Stanford University Press

In waka, there are six types of poetry called the “six principles” (rikugi). Verses vary from one another according to the idea of rikugi. This chapter analyzes Shinkei's concept of rikugi with reference to the Shi Jing and the Kokinshū Kana Preface. In the Shi Jing, the six types are classified based on two parameters: the first is content and/or social function (feng, ya, song) and the second is form or means of expression (fu, bi, xing). The Kokinshū Preface is classified according to the same parameters, except that feng shifts to form. Shinkei's “six principles” are: Allegorical Mode, Direct Mode, Panegyrical Mode, Mode of Precise Delineation, Metaphorical Mode, and Symbolic Mode.

Keywords:   waka, Japanese poetry, rikugi, six principles, Shinkei, Shi Jing, Kokinshū Kana Preface, content, form

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