Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Murmured ConversationsA Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Esperanza Ramirez-Christensen

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780804748636

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 03 July 2022

The Ten Virtues

The Ten Virtues

(p.200) Sixty-One The Ten Virtues
Murmured Conversations
Stanford University Press

This chapter argues that a man must possess all the ten virtues (intelligence, skill, learning, mental discipline, dedication to the Way, calligraphy, a sage teacher, dwelling in tranquility, old age, social position) in order to become a true sage of the Way of Poetry or renga. The man who does not lack any single one of these virtues is perfect, which is extremely rare. Thus, the sage appears only once in a hundred years and the saint only once in a thousand years. That is to say, anyone born in the age of a sage of the Way is almost impossible. The ten virtues (jittoku) represent Shinkei's ideal of the poet who has achieved the highest state. Two of these virtues, intelligence and artistic skill, are dedicated to high religious principles. The gist of Sasamegoto and of the popularizing slogans of the renga jittoku is the same: mental liberation through poetic practice. The difference is that the former addresses the essential question of what is actually required to attain it.

Keywords:   ten virtues, jittoku, Way of Poetry, renga, Shinkei, Sasamegoto, Japanese poetry, mental liberation, sage

Stanford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.