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Lobbying for InclusionRights Politics and the Making of Immigration Policy$
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Carolyn Wong

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780804751759

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804751759.001.0001

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Revisiting Reform in a Republican Congress

Revisiting Reform in a Republican Congress

(p.133) Chapter 6 Revisiting Reform in a Republican Congress
Lobbying for Inclusion
Stanford University Press

This chapter revisits the controversy over legal and illegal immigration in the 104th Congress, which enacted the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (IIRIRA). The most important political difference to the 1980s was Republican control of both houses of Congress. But the Republican Party was hardly monolithic in demanding cuts in legal immigration, nor was it unified in its attitude toward instituting new methods of enforcement that would increase the power of the government to collect information on individuals. The second part of the chapter examines the predictors of a hypothetical House member's votes on the IIRIRA and the implications of the multidimensionality of immigration policy. The analysis supports the argument that distinct issue dimensions—legal admissions, traditional guest-worker programs, general enforcement, enforcement and privacy, and social incorporation—give rise to shifting voting coalitions in the House, some cutting across the liberal–conservative divide and others cutting along it.

Keywords:   Immigrant Responsibility Act, 104th Congress, immigration policy, immigration reform, immigration law, House member votes

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