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The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes$
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Scott Mainwaring, Ana Maria Bejarano, and Eduardo Pizarro Leongomez

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780804752787

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804752787.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 19 October 2019

From Crisis to Collapse of the Party Systems and Dilemmas of Democratic Representation: Peru and Venezuela

From Crisis to Collapse of the Party Systems and Dilemmas of Democratic Representation: Peru and Venezuela

Chapter:
(p.47) 2 From Crisis to Collapse of the Party Systems and Dilemmas of Democratic Representation: Peru and Venezuela
Source:
The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes
Author(s):

Martín Tanaka

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804752787.003.0002

This chapter examines the role of the party systems collapse on the crisis of democratic representation in Peru and Venezuela. It explains that Alberto Fujimori and Hugo Chávez dismantled the preexisting political order through institutional reforms and established competitive authoritarian regimes in which democratic representation was replaced by plebiscitarian mechanisms of legitimation. This chapter also highlights the challenges for the countries in rebuilding state institutions with weakened political and social actors and in constructing a new system of democratic representation that is pluralistic and participatory.

Keywords:   party systems, democratic representation, Peru, Venezuela, Alberto Fujimori, Hugo Chávez, authoritarian regimes, political order, institutional reforms, state institutions

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