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The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes$
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Scott Mainwaring, Ana Maria Bejarano, and Eduardo Pizarro Leongomez

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780804752787

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804752787.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 25 October 2021

Urban Citizen Movements and Disempowerment in Peru and Venezuela

Urban Citizen Movements and Disempowerment in Peru and Venezuela

(p.227) 8 Urban Citizen Movements and Disempowerment in Peru and Venezuela
The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes

Daniel H. Levine

Catalina Romero

Stanford University Press

This chapter examines the impact of urban citizen movements and people disempowerment on the crisis of democratic representation in Peru and Venezuela. It discusses the demand and perceptions of urban citizens in the era of discredited formal mechanisms of democratic representation and describes how poor citizens attempt to further their interests outside the formal channels of democratic representation when these channels are discredited. This chapter also reflects on the likely future of empowerment and disempowerment for urban citizens and discusses the implications of this perspective for democratic representation.

Keywords:   urban citizen movements, disempowerment, democratic representation, Peru, Venezuela, poor citizens, empowerment

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