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New CosmopolitanismsSouth Asians in the US$
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Gita Rajan and Shailja Sharma

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780804752800

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804752800.001.0001

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South Asian Religions in the United States: New Contexts and Configurations

South Asian Religions in the United States: New Contexts and Configurations

(p.91) Chapter Four South Asian Religions in the United States: New Contexts and Configurations
New Cosmopolitanisms

Karen Leonard

Stanford University Press

This chapter looks at South Asian groups in the United States such as Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist, and Zoroastrian, who practice in historical and traditional ways, and contrasts them with contemporary groups who have adapted to hybridized forms with local Americanized variations. It argues that such a contrast coexists with a revivalist fervor that mirrors the religious fundamentalism, here in the United States, of their homeland cultures. The chapter also addresses the concept of the “value of homeland religions” in South Asian communities. It distinguishes between identarian politics of patriarchal and gender confluences in what Stuart Hall sees as diasporic practices, and what Pnina Werbner calls transnational, cultural variations, to suggest a new, “reconfigured community of believers”.

Keywords:   South Asians, South Asian religions, religious fundamentalism, homeland religions, diasporic practices, cultural variations

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