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Jewish DogsAn Image and Its Interpreters$
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Kenneth Stow

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780804752817

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804752817.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 28 January 2022

Richard of Pontoise and Philip Augustus

Richard of Pontoise and Philip Augustus

(p.75) Three Richard of Pontoise and Philip Augustus
Jewish Dogs
Stanford University Press

The people of Oberwesel-Bacharach sought the canonization of the Good Werner of Oberwesel in 1417. Whatever their reason for doing so, the testimonies they left behind were used by the Bollandists to highlight some of the Catholic Reformation's most important doctrinal cruxes, as well as its negative opinions and anxieties about Jews living in the midst of Catholicism. The one major charge against Jews that is not raised by the Werner tale is that of usury, something that the story of Richard of Pontoise is able to do. Lending's most vocal critics, fifteenth-century Observantine Franciscans, called the Jews “truly wild and thirsty dogs, who [through their lending activity] have sucked and go on sucking our blood.” In his ritual murder story entitled Passion of Richard of Pontoise, written in 1498, Robert Gaguin claims that Richard's martyrdom persuaded King Philip Augustus to liberate France from the Jews and, in particular, from the oppressive claws of Jewish lending.

Keywords:   Good Werner, Bollandists, Catholic Reformation, Jews, usury, lending, Richard of Pontoise, ritual murder, Robert Gaguin, Philip Augustus

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