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Emperor and AncestorState and Lineage in South China$
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David Faure

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780804753180

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804753180.001.0001

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Magnates on the Sands

Magnates on the Sands

Chapter:
(p.136) Chapter Eleven Magnates on the Sands
Source:
Emperor and Ancestor
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804753180.003.0011

By the beginning of the seventeenth century, lineages and lineage rituals were well entrenched in imperial China. The literati exerted a strong influence not only on officialdom, but also on manners and styles in all spheres of society. Those who owned registered tax accounts on the sands, commonly known as daxing (“great surname”) became magnate lineages varying in wealth and power. The “great surname” was a localized lineage, and a magnate lineage made its presence felt through its architecture. Lineage branches would have built ancestral halls to honor their own ancestors. Earth-god shrines and temples dedicated to deities were often found on the perimeter of a village. Two examples of landed magnates who built their fortune on the sands were the He surname of Shawan in Panyu county and the Zhao surname of Sanjiang township in Xinhui county.

Keywords:   China, rituals, daxing, great surname, sands, magnate lineages, ancestral halls, shrines, temples, architecture

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