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Emperor and AncestorState and Lineage in South China$
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David Faure

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780804753180

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804753180.001.0001

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The End of Empire

The End of Empire

(p.164) Chapter Thirteen The End of Empire
Emperor and Ancestor
Stanford University Press

In the last few months of 1646, the Southern Ming dynasty in Guangdong was divided into two separate regimes. One, based in Zhaoqing, was centered around a grandson of the Wanli Emperor who ascended the throne as the Yongli Emperor. It was established by agreement among the military commander of Guangdong and Guangxi, and the governors of Guangdong and Guangxi. The other Ming regime was centered around Prince Tang, the younger brother of the deceased Longwu Emperor, who ascended the throne as the Shaowu Emperor. Shaowu ruled for a very brief time, after General Li Chengdong took Guangzhou by surprise. After taking Guangzhou, Li Chengdong turned his attention to the Yongli court and easily defeated the military command of Guangdong and Guangxi. Three local men who led the resistance movement in the Pearl River Delta died as martyrs: Chen Zizhuang, Zhang Jiayu, and Chen Bangyan. Li Chengdong's defeat marked the end of Ming threat to Guangdong.

Keywords:   Ming dynasty, Guangdong, Yongli Emperor, Shaowu Emperor, Li Chengdong, Pearl River Delta, resistance movement, Chen Zizhuang, Zhang Jiayu, Chen Bangyan

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