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Emperor and AncestorState and Lineage in South China$
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David Faure

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780804753180

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804753180.001.0001

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The Ordering of Community in Ritual Life

The Ordering of Community in Ritual Life

(p.193) Chapter Fifteen The Ordering of Community in Ritual Life
Emperor and Ancestor
Stanford University Press

As a result of the administrative transition in the sixteenth century, village religion in imperial China was reduced to the indigenous, a change in the representation of local society in relation to the state that is exemplified by the Zhangcun Market in Dongguan county, where people held temple festivals in the spring and autumn to honor the elderly. The rich ritual life that fed into its management structure accounted for the market's existence. Longshan township provides a good example of the ritual life that characterized the marketplace. Longshan and another township, Foshan, evolved around earth-god shrines, temples, and ancestral halls. In addition, each had a Buddhist monastery that eventually gave way to temples devoted to deities in the Ming dynasty. In Jiujiang, the history of Buddhism reflects local politics, and land registration took place in much the same way as it did in other areas in the Pearl River Delta. The expansion of state administration in part enabled the village community to adopt and then internalize state rituals.

Keywords:   China, rituals, religion, Zhangcun Market, Longshan, shrines, temples, ancestral halls, Buddhism, land registration

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